In the analysis of leadership styles and their coherence the subject of leading the organization have been, is and will be valid at all times. Although there are quite a lot of scientific articles and books on leadership styles, but works of foreign researchers are often quoted. Unfortunately, Lithuanian scientists do not pay enough attention to new (relatively as transformational and transactional leadership styles have been begun to be analyzed in the end of last century) leadership styles, whereas a combination of leadership styles is not paid attention at all, stating a priori that it is better to use a combination of various styles. It certainly does not form serious approach to the current leadership style problem. The scientific problem is the lack of perception, identification and finding out style combinations in the field of leadership styles. The purpose of this article is finding out leadership styles set in Klaipėda progymnasiums through the analysis of leadership styles. The object of research is the leadership styles in Klaipeda progymnasiums. The research methods are analysis, synthesis and comparison based on the insights in scientific literature, which have been done in order to justify the eligibility of leadership styles chosen by the managers. Employees carried out individual questionnaires, while managers have been interviewed. To analyze, process, digest and graphically depict questionnaire data derived from quantitative research SPSS 18 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software and Microsoft Office Excel 2010 program have been used.
The research confirmed the scientists ideas in the theoretical part of this article that none leadership style suits every situation. Examination of employee opinions on leadership styles of their managers showed that managers use some combination of leadership styles in their direct duties. According to the aggregated data from respondents’ answers it may be concluded that managers consider their leadership style to be based on the combination of transformational and coaching leadership styles while also adding bits of charismatic or transactional leadership styles; employees think that managers use the combination of transformational and coaching leadership styles while also adding bits of charismatic or transactional leadership styles. Leadership style combination chosen by managers completely satisfied or more satisfied than not satisfied most of the surveyed employees in organizations. Evaluation results have showed that employees have rated leadership style of their managers better than the same managers have done. In this research the views of employees are very close to managers views when selecting the leadership style or combination of different styles.
Volume 67, Issue 2 (2014), pp. 75–88
Article examines Klaipėda city and its suburban areas territorial change, as well as population change during the year 2005–2013. During these decades, cities experienced major changes because of previously created city models. Because of this, on these days it is still important to predict city’s future development, expansion and metamorphosis. Today it is very important to predict and make future prognoses of city development in case to avoid spatial planning failure, rising from social and demographical economical problems. Even today cities are facing sub-urbanization which leads to city emptiness. Therefore, article’s main aim is Klaipėda city and its suburban zones together with population future analysis and development. According to received Klaipėda city, city suburban areas and population change results during these eight years, the most important thing was to create and understand future of the city, suburban areas and population development in this area till the nearest 2020 year.
Der Artikel ist vorbereitet auf Grund der in den letzten Jahren erschienener und leicht erreichbarer fülle der verschiedenen Erinnerungen die sind geschrieben von der ehemaligen Einwohnern des Memellandes – genau litauischen wie deutschen Herkunft. Das Ziel dieser Forschung ist erkennen wie durch die Entwicklung des regionalen Selbstbewusstseins verwirklichten sich die Ideen und Modellen des nationalen und konfessionellen Bewusstseins die waren entwickelt von den Stellvertretern der selber Nation aber in den Verschiedenen historischen und konfessionellen umständen.
Straipsnyje apžvelgiamas jaunimo nedarbo lygis Europos Sąjungos valstybėse, jaunimo užimtumas ir nedarbas Lietuvoje, Klaipėdos apskrityje bei Klaipėdos mieste. Aptariami jaunimo apklausos rezultatai, kurie suskirstyti į kategorijas, subkategorijas ir teiginius, žyminčius Klaipėdos jaunimo patirtis ieškant darbo. Nustatyta, kad ieškantiesiems darbo dažnai būna sudėtinga suderinti darbo ir studijų grafikus. Darbdaviai pageidauja jaunų darbuotojų su darbo patirtimi. Jie iš esmės nekreipia dėmesio į jaunimo išsimokslinimą, svarbu nurodyti, kokią aukštąją mokyklą ieškantysis darbo yra baigęs. Neutraliai vertina jaunų asmenų diplomus ir jų priedėlius. Remiantis apklausos rezultatais, išskirtos patraukliausios jaunimo įsidarbinimo įmonės, nustatytas šių įmonių erdvinis pasiskirstymas Klaipėdoje.
Klaipėda is the third largest city in Lithuania, but its population is decreasing, while its suburbs are expanding and growing. This study reveals population migration to Klaipėda suburbs at the level of the smallest administrative unit – elderships. This helps with sufficient precision to identify not only the most attractive suburban residential areas, but also to determine the social-demographic problems faced by the local population. Due to uneven population change and structure, there is already a shortage of educational institutions and educators in some elderships. In the remote elderships from Klaipėda city, the population is rapidly aging, the unemployment rate is relatively higher than in other elderships, and the connection with the Klaipėda city by public transport is insufficient. Proposals for administrations of elderships and district municipalities are formulated taking into account the trends of population change. Comparative analysis, cartographic analysis, document analysis, expert interview method and others were applied in this study.
Šis tyrimas atskleidžia ne tik automobilių stovėjimo vietų prie daugiabučių namų pasiūlą, bet ir automobilių tankumo daugiabučių namų kiemuose skirtumus įvairiuose Klaipėdos miesto mikrorajonuose. Darbe analizuojami automobilių stovėjimo aukštelių plotai prie daugiabučių namų, nustatomas automobilių skaičius ir tankumas aikštelėse, tiriamas automobilių statymas neleistinose vietose Klaipėdos miesto mikrorajonuose. Atlikto lauko tyrimo rezultatų pagrindu siūloma įrengti naujas automobilių stovėjimo aikšteles Bandužių, Laukininkų, Alksnynės, Miško kvartalo mikrorajonuose.
Journal:Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis
Volume 25 (2012): Klaipėdos krašto konfesinis paveldas: tarpdisciplininiai senųjų kapinių tyrimai = Confessional Heritage of Klaipėda Region: Interdisciplinary Research into the Old Cemeteries, pp. 178–195
The article focuses on ethical dilemmas caused by accidentally found artefacts from the necropolises of Klaipėda Region that no longer have clear attribute references (tombstones or details of their decoration, epitaph tables, fragments of crosses, etc). The problems are related to the identification of such findings, the establishment of their environmental protection and museum value (whether they are to be protected, exhibited, or valueless), their potential use (as objects of research or of technological interest, memorial objects, raw materials for restoration, etc.), and their fate. As proved by experience, part of the artefacts are a valuable source of information about the materials used by the craftsmen of the 19th to mid-20th c., details of decoration, the skills, and technological and colourist resolutions. The artefacts with no clear attribute references can be used for instrumental analysis: for the identification of the composition and structure of ceramics, metal, paints, and glaze; however, the fate of an artefact primarily depends on the moral decision of a person who found (appropriated, or dismantled) it.
Archaeological excavations in one of the Old Town areas around Kurpių Street have provided new and valuable information
for research related to urban development in the 16th and 17th centuries. Previously accomplished complex research into archaeological, historical, palaeobotanical and zooarchaeological material enabled us to go deeper into both the constructional development of the area and the daily life of the citizens. This article presents up-to-date results from research into zooarchaeological material from one plot on Kurpių Street from the mid-16th century to the second half of the 17th century. On the basis of this data and published historical sources, an analysis is made of some unexplored aspects relating to features of animal breeding and butchering among the local population in the 16th and 17th centuries. It also includes an evaluation of animal osteometric data. The results are compared with data from other Lithuanian records. The insights presented add to our slender knowledge about the nutrition of locals at that time and their daily life.
The article analyses material related to glass bottles excavated in Klaipėda (Memel) Old Town. Firstly, this is material from Žvejų St 4 and 6, and the area around Tomo, Didžiojo Vandens, Vežėjų and Pasiuntinių streets. Early glass bottles found in this area could even date from the 16th century, whereas the peak in the local consumption of beverages in bottles is related to the second half of the 18th century and the 19th century. Four major types of local glass bottles are distinguished in this work. Subtypes of extant or partly restored bottles are also introduced. Attempts are made throughout the entire research to answer the questions how much and in what way the bottles discovered in Klaipėda Old Town reflect general patterns of lifestyle in Western and Central Europe in the context of modern times.
In the 12th century, the Curonians dwelt in the east Baltic region between the Rīga area in the north and Klaipėda in the south. They reached the peak of their economic, political and cultural achievements in the 11th century and the first half of the 12th century. The roots of piracy as a phenomenon have a social character. The most active period of the Curonian Vikings begins in around the mid-tenth century, and lasts until the arrival of the Germans in the 13th century. The well-organised piracy of the Curonians became dangerous to navigation on an important maritime trading route along the east Baltic coast. The Curonians attacked traders’ boats, robbed coastal churches, devastated Danish and Swedish coastal areas, and even stayed for a while. In the times of the Teutonic Order, in periods of diplomatic and military conflict or trading competition, even officials did not avoid robbery at sea. The Palanga coastal population used to plunder shipwrecked boats, and went marauding in coastal waters until the middle of the 18th century.