Organizacijos vykdomos veiklos sėkmė daugeliu atvejų priklauso nuo jos vadovo. Straipsnyje aptariami vadovavimo stiliai organizacijoje. Remiantis mokslinės literatūros analize, pateikiami vadovavimo stilių – transakcinio, transformacinio ir tarnaujančiojo – apibrėžimai, sudaryta vadovavimo stilių lentelė, kur pagal pasirinktus vertinimo kriterijus teoriškai paaiškinami jų skirtumai. Nustatyta, kad pasirinkti kriterijai yra tinkami vertinti vadovavimo stilius organizacijose. Organizacijose galimi skirtingų vadovavimo stilių deriniai. Palyginus vadovų ir jiems tiesiogiai pavaldžių darbuotojų išsakytus teiginius nustatyti tie patys vadovavimo stilių deriniai, skiriasi tik proporcijos.
In this study authors compare the demographic, socio-economic andagriculture activity indicators in the municipalities of different degrees ofrurality, highlight the causes of uneven distribution of social and economicindicators and show trends of change for 2009 – 2012. Authors proposed newindicators and justify the using of these indicators as backgroundcharacteristics in analysing the rurality of municipalities.
The methodological approaches of determining of living standard in regions are presented in this article. Studies of living standardare complex, and in order to compare regions, multivariate statistical methods are suggested for use. Other approaches may specifyand clarify the regional features of living standard. The regional cost of living surveys in Lithuania studies are not prevalent, but themethodology can be adapted to the Lithuanian case.
This article aims to compare the change of living standard in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia after joining the European Union. The characteristics of living standard are analyzing before joining the EU and after 2004. It is also compared changes of living standard characteristics after the economic crisis. Indicators of living standard, such as the average monthly gross wages, consumer price index, purchasing power, unemployment rate, at-risk-of-poverty rate and others are calculated and compared. The three Baltic states are not only compared with each other, but are also analyzed in the context of the EU. Thus, it can be stated that among the three Baltic States, Estonia is distinguished by highest living standard. Although before the integration Lithuania was ahead of Latvia, but now Lithuania was lower than Latvia by particular characteristics of living standard.
Volume 67, Issue 2 (2014), pp. 205–218
This paper analyses the spatial distribution of graffiti in Klaipėda city. The main focus is concentrated on causes and spatial distribution of graffiti, similarities and differences between graffiti drawings in Klaipėda city. The analysis of graffiti drawings spatial distribution in Klaipėda city is based on few area researches. In this work all graffiti drawings are grouped into 5 graffiti style groups and are studied their spatial distribution. Different styles of graffiti drawings reveal not only drawers artistic skills, but also their motives and goals. In the end of the work, based on examples of foreign countries, suggestions about the possibilities of the usage of graffiti drawings in Klaipėda city are presented.
Volume 67, Issue 2 (2014), pp. 75–88
Article examines Klaipėda city and its suburban areas territorial change, as well as population change during the year 2005–2013. During these decades, cities experienced major changes because of previously created city models. Because of this, on these days it is still important to predict city’s future development, expansion and metamorphosis. Today it is very important to predict and make future prognoses of city development in case to avoid spatial planning failure, rising from social and demographical economical problems. Even today cities are facing sub-urbanization which leads to city emptiness. Therefore, article’s main aim is Klaipėda city and its suburban zones together with population future analysis and development. According to received Klaipėda city, city suburban areas and population change results during these eight years, the most important thing was to create and understand future of the city, suburban areas and population development in this area till the nearest 2020 year.
This article analyses the regional disparities of Baltic countries (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia). The investigation period (2004–2013) based on two very important moments for Baltic countries – accession to EU and the end of the EU funding period 2007–2013. It also analyses the change of socio-economic indicators such as the unemployment rate, the average gross wages and salaries and GDP per capita in regions of Baltic countries. The study aim was to determine regions where the unemployment rate is by 35 % higher than the national average and wages (salaries) are less than 75 % of the national average.
The purpose of this study is to find out how the settlement systems in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia changed during the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century, and what the trends for further urban change are. In the Soviet period, single farms that existed in all three east Baltic countries were destroyed. The inhabitants of single farms were moved to central settlements. Cities grew in all the republics, especially in the largest centres. A network of satellite settlements grew up around the capitals, which was particularly dense around Tallinn and Riga. The capitals and their surrounding settlements are currently growing at a very high speed in all the east Baltic countries. This concentrates administrative functions and a highly skilled workforce, and attracts the most investment. As a result, peripheral areas, especially villages, are disappearing, and their inhabitants are emigrating. Such areas are becoming unattractive to business.In order to show the situation, the authors used a comparative analysis method, as well as cartographic, graphic and other methods. The anticipation of settlement principles and trends is one of the most important tasks of regional policy in each country. Therefore, an interpolation method was used to make estimates of the urban population in the three largest cities in the east Baltic countries from 2020 to 2023. The trend analysis indicates that the populations of most of the largest cities in the east Baltic countries will decrease.
Klaipėda is the third largest city in Lithuania, but its population is decreasing, while its suburbs are expanding and growing. This study reveals population migration to Klaipėda suburbs at the level of the smallest administrative unit – elderships. This helps with sufficient precision to identify not only the most attractive suburban residential areas, but also to determine the social-demographic problems faced by the local population. Due to uneven population change and structure, there is already a shortage of educational institutions and educators in some elderships. In the remote elderships from Klaipėda city, the population is rapidly aging, the unemployment rate is relatively higher than in other elderships, and the connection with the Klaipėda city by public transport is insufficient. Proposals for administrations of elderships and district municipalities are formulated taking into account the trends of population change. Comparative analysis, cartographic analysis, document analysis, expert interview method and others were applied in this study.
Šis tyrimas atskleidžia ne tik automobilių stovėjimo vietų prie daugiabučių namų pasiūlą, bet ir automobilių tankumo daugiabučių namų kiemuose skirtumus įvairiuose Klaipėdos miesto mikrorajonuose. Darbe analizuojami automobilių stovėjimo aukštelių plotai prie daugiabučių namų, nustatomas automobilių skaičius ir tankumas aikštelėse, tiriamas automobilių statymas neleistinose vietose Klaipėdos miesto mikrorajonuose. Atlikto lauko tyrimo rezultatų pagrindu siūloma įrengti naujas automobilių stovėjimo aikšteles Bandužių, Laukininkų, Alksnynės, Miško kvartalo mikrorajonuose.