The methodological approaches of determining of living standard in regions are presented in this article. Studies of living standardare complex, and in order to compare regions, multivariate statistical methods are suggested for use. Other approaches may specifyand clarify the regional features of living standard. The regional cost of living surveys in Lithuania studies are not prevalent, but themethodology can be adapted to the Lithuanian case.
The tasks of the article are: 1) to survey the EU and the Lithuania documents about R&D priorities and initiatives; 2) to analysis the situation of published applications according to date of filing the application; 3) to determine the main R&D smart specialization directions according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification. To achieve these goals the analysis of scientific literature and survey research was used. The study reviewed 2005–2013 the Lithuanian State patent official Gazette and implemented published patent applications situation analysis.
Currently, most companies in the industry generate the largest portion of profit from aftersales of passenger cars (maintenanceservices and sales of spare parts), but before the economic crisis, new car sales was the largest component of profit. Accordingly,in Latvia, there is a need to focus on the provision of aftersales services. The first section of the article describes and analyses thepassenger car park in Europe and Latvia, and discusses the significant indicators as the number of cars per 1000 residents, the firsttime registered cars and dynamics of those indicators. The second section discusses the author’s survey of the Latvian drivers andtypes of repairs they conducted within the last year, and average annual cost of carrepairs, and tires, and the drivers’ plans for thenear-term future on reduction of car costs.
Hemp is a very valuable plant because each part of it can be used in many ways. It can be used to produce innovative products for building construction, chemical industry, medicine, textile production, consumption, and agriculture. In the article, the authors have aggregated the information about hemp cultivation and processing sector development in the European Union and Latvia and have described its cultivation possibilities, technological processes, and processing capabilities. The aim of the present article was to reveal the topicalities of hemp industry development in the European Union and Latvia. The tasks of the research were to present an overall description of hemp industry development trends in the European Union and to characterize hemp industry development in Latvia focusing on the national support activities and hemp cultivation and processing opportunities. The authors of the article have performed an extensive secondary data analysis to summarize the most important activities that should be done at the national scale to further enhance the development of hemp industry in Latvia.
This article analyses the Maritime Sector economic grow impact to Lithuania’s economy from a Cluster perspective. The potential competitive Maritime industry Cluster in Lithuania is on interest because Lithuanian Maritime Sector is expanding its connections to the whole European region, going beyond the boundaries of anyone industry sector, is supported by EU Strategic documents, but the steps towards clustering still are tentative and negligible. Assessing the Maritime sector impact on Lithuania's economy, the total economic impact (direct and indirect) was calculated by using the following indicators: number of Employees, Turnover and Value Added at Production Cost (VAPC). The period for the evaluation of the statistical givens trends has been chosen for 5 years, according to Official 2007 – 2011 period statistical givens, provided by Department of Statistics.
The tasks of the article are: 1) to survey of the scientific literature in the field of the development of scientific-technical progress and the main entrepreneurial concepts; 2) to survey the EU and Lithuanian documents about R&D priorities and initiatives; 3) to analysis the situation of published applications according to date of filing application In Lithuania regions; 4) to determine the main R&D smart specialization directions in the Lithuanian regions according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification.
Globalisation and demographics, trends and innovation, for example, environmental protection technology, biotechnology and health care, can be the basis for the sixth Kondratieff’s wave. Applied research is fundamental for the adaptation of research results in the activities of the organization. Created a technical object can be protected under patent law. Application of knowledge management tools and techniques of intellectual knowledge are being converted to an organization's competitive advantage. In today’s business more business part is realized with innovation activities, R&D works.
The most important principle of the Paris Convention is a national regime. The second important provision of the Paris Convention − the priority of the conventional rate. Patent documents provide a lot of information about the invention that helpful elsewhere, so it is an important complement to traditional sources of information in terms of the dissemination of technological and scientific information. Patent documents provide information about the technical characteristics, applications history and information about the invention.
In “Horizon 2020” will be funded by all parts of the innovation chain-from the idea to the market, in accordance with the 3 main evaluation criteria: high quality research, competitive industry and the benefits to the public.
After analyzing the scientific literature and the data from the survey research we came to the following conclusions: the main R&D smart specialization direction in the Lithuanian region according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification is C05G, F23B, A23L, B65D, E05B, F03G.
Thanks to the brilliant innovation of the expanding online transportation companies, the Indonesian people are able to obtain an affordable means of transportation. This three major ride-sharing companies (Go-Jek, Grab, and Uber) provide services which not only limited to transportation service but also providing services for food delivery, courier service, and even shopping assistance by utilizing gigantic armada of motorbikes and cars which owned by their ‘driver partners’. These companies are competing to gain market share by implementing the same strategy which is offering the lowest price. This paper would discuss the Indonesian online transportation price war by using price comparison analysis between three companies. The analysis revealed that Uber was the winner of the price war, however, their ‘lowest price strategy’ would lead to their downfall not only in Indonesia but in all of South East Asia.
Innovation and entrepreneurship in regions is one of essential tools, in added value creation in economics and in development in national level. It is very important to encourage creativity, new ways of thinking and continuous process of learning of individuals. There are some different approaches how to measure competitiveness of state economy and competitiveness in regional level. Global Competitiveness Index shows competitiveness of state among other world economies based on the 12 pillars of competitiveness, which is difficult to apply in regional or entrepreneurial level due to lack of data at regional level. Innovation is a key factor for development and competitiveness in individual (individual, enterprise) and institutional (local governmental institutions, regional, national and global level. Scientific problem of article is that impact of creativity, knowledge creation and dissemination and cooperation could not be measured trough quantitative data. Aim of the article is to define support model for cooperation of individual – institutional level in innovative entrepreneurship and its impact on regional development. Methods ar analysis of scientific literature, and political planning documents for define of support model in dynamic external environment.