In this article there are being analyzed the natural and social economic structures of Lithuanian coastal strip. The research is based on survey about the hindrances and proposed suggestions for sustainable development. There are presented authors’ results about geographic profile of Lithuania’s coastal region, degree of exploitation and processes of spatial planning, suggestions for improvement of sustainable development of coastal strip. There are distinguished the types of bad examples as institutional, projects related, shortage of financial issues, private housing and the types of good examples as legislative, institutional, projects related, NGOs related for exploitation and sustainable development of coastal strip.
An aging population is defined in the scientific literature as changes in the structural age composition of the population, which leads to growth in the population of those who are 60 years and older. The aging of population is a social and economic problem that needs to be understood and addressed. Aging of the population has a significant impact on national economies, as well as within individual regions of the country. The old age index has a significant impact on regional supply of services. It is worth stressing that in order to improve a community’s quality of life and reduce disparities between regions, it is necessary to continually assess the level of development and regional development opportunities. Evaluation of the regional socio-economic situation should be performed periodically, so that regional policy measures can be directed to the areas of greatest need.
The purpose of this research is to identify the entrepreneurship ecosystem in Malaysia based on PFP methodology from the Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI). As one of the top performing economies in Asia, the Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) score of Malaysia stood in the ‘middle rank’ from 2012 to 2016 (ranked 46th out of 96 surveyed countries). The analysis has revealed that Malaysia has two strong pillars that are unique to the country, namely ‘human capital’ and ‘process innovation’. There are seven other pillars that did not perform well, namely, technology absorption pillar, high growth, risk capital, cultural support, product innovation, start-up skills, and internationalisation. In order to improve these areas, the Malaysian government needs to enact ‘supportive regulation’ for entrepreneurs, such as promoting entrepreneurs in external events, tax holidays, a less complicated business permit application process, ease of access to bank loans, and business training.
Innovations and innovative activities are becoming themost important feature of a country or region development. For this reason agreat amount of literature highlights this topic. There are a lot of documents,strategies and programs signed which try to enhance business competitivenessand productivity. Formation of regional policy should make that thisdevelopment will ensure a high quality of life throughout the country. Economicgrowth of countries in encouraging to look for more efficienty, which isdirectly related with innovative entities. The significance of innovations isthe focus of EU regional policy. Although the innovation phenomenon is widelyanalyzed, consistent and specified concept is not formulated. Thus, this paperwill primarily discuss the diversity of innovation concept and interface withthe regional concept. Another part of the work aims to reveal the determinantsof the regional development influencing innovation activities by differentauthor’s approaches. The final section of this paper is to present adoptedmethodological matrix for innovativeness evaluation for regions in Lithuania.In Lithuaniainnovativeness is counted just on a country’s level, no territorial importanceis emphasised. Even though innovations are closely related with regionalpolicy. So the main purpose of this paper is to make methodological basis formore detailed (in a territorial contex) analysis of innovativeness in Lithuania’sregions.
Straipsnyje nagrinėjami žemiausiojolygmens vadovų tinkamumo organizacijai nustatymo klausimai, siekiant paskatinti tvarų ekonomikos augimą regione. Nagrinėjama formali žemiausiojo lygmens vadovųveiklos vieta valdymo grandinėje TV–ŽLV–PAV. Nustatyta, kad organizacijoje siekiant maksimalausrezultato, būtinas glaudus tiesioginio vadovo, žemiausiojo lygmens vadovo irpavaldinių valdymo grandinėje TV–ŽLV–PAVryšys ir tinkamumas, kad organizacijos tikslai ir jų siekimo būdai būtų visiemssuprantami. Todėl kiekvieno darbuotojo (grandies) valdymo grandinėje TV–ŽLV–PAV veiksmai darbo procese turi būtisuderinti su kito veiksmais. Parengta metodologija ir sukurtas žemiausiojolygmens vadovų tinkamumo nustatymo valdymo grandinėje modelis pasižymi tyrimometodų (taikyti kiekybiniai ir kokybiniai metodai) ir prieigų įvairove(atliekama kryžminė tiesioginio ir žemiausiojo lygmens vadovo bei pavaldiniųapklausa). Pabrėžiama,kad žemiausiojo lygmens vadovų tinkamumą organizacijai tikslinga nustatytivertinant valdymo grandinėje TV–ŽLV–PAV: kur TV – tiesioginis vadovas, ŽLV –žemiausiojo lygmens vadovas, PAV– pavaldiniai, vertinimo kriterijų, t. y. asmeniniųir dalykinių savybių bei vertybių, pagrindu. Kad valdymo grandinėje TV–ŽLV–PAV tarp grandžių vyrautų tarpusavio supratimas ir veikla būtų darni, būtina tenkintivieną iš dviejų sąlygų: visų vertinimai turi atitikti situacijos vertinimą(kiekvieno asmeninis ir partnerio pateiktas vertinimai turi sutapti); jeigrandžių vertinimai skiriasi, partneriai turi stengtis vienas kitą suprasti ir pateisinti arba būtina keisti ŽLV.
The tasks of the article are: 1) to survey the EU and the Lithuania documents about R&D priorities and initiatives; 2) to analysis the situation of published applications according to date of filing the application; 3) to determine the main R&D smart specialization directions according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification. To achieve these goals the analysis of scientific literature and survey research was used. The study reviewed 2005–2013 the Lithuanian State patent official Gazette and implemented published patent applications situation analysis.
Theoretical analysis of research literature has revealed that prevention of risk or at least mitigation of the negative impact of risk factors on the company‘s employees requires reliable management of ergonomic factors risk, which can occur due to insufficient management of processes, quality, possible emergency situations, accidents. The above aim can be achieved by various preventive measures, just keeping in mind that the procedures of the management of ergonomic risk factors are based on assessment of ergonomic risk factors and priorities focusing on the relevant occupational safety aspects in the business company. However, prior to drafting an accident prevention plan, each company should consider the general environment of the company, conditions, and available resources.
Assessment of the first level managers only in respect of their compliance with the requirements set for a particular job position isnot sufficient. A tool facilitating identification of the relevance of the first level managers in certain management chain is required asit would ensure effectiveness of their performance and harmony in the management chain. The present article aims at emphasisingthe feasibility of identification of the relevance of the first level managers in the management chain (MLM–FLM–SUB) throughpersonality traits. The research analysed the following members (links) of the management chain: first level managers (FLM), theirdirect supervisors – mid-level managers (MLM) and subordinates (SUB) – working in five furniture manufacturing companies ofthe West Lithuania Region. “The Big Five” method was applied as research instrument to assess personality traits of the first levelmanagers. Quantitative analysis enabled modelling of a graph, which represents a derived mean value of the assessment of thefirst level managers’ personality traits, designated to identify disharmonious chains in companies. When identifying the first levelmanagers’ relevance in the management chain, only individual evaluations performed by the members /links of the chains werereferred to and used as a basis for evaluation of personal traits of particular first level manager only. The obtained data supplementsdirect indicators of FLM performance assessment.
Tourism is a sophisticated activity of any national economy. The originality of regional tourism impacts the application of special mix of means concerning insufficient professional knowledge and competences of enterpreneurs in the frame of providence of high quality services, hence, the regional tourism development interferens with specific problems. By current driven factors in regional tourism, such as high entrepreneurship, investments, variety of serviness, warrant a new era of local economy and serve for the strategic tourism development as tools and specific scenario. Sustainable tourism sector accesses new stock of acitivities concerning competitiveness amplification and popularization or implication of new resources. The current task of research is to identify the impacts of sustainable tourism development in the frame of amplification of new tourism resources concerning business range and sustainability of regional development.
This article analyses the Maritime Sector economic grow impact to Lithuania’s economy from a Cluster perspective. The potential competitive Maritime industry Cluster in Lithuania is on interest because Lithuanian Maritime Sector is expanding its connections to the whole European region, going beyond the boundaries of anyone industry sector, is supported by EU Strategic documents, but the steps towards clustering still are tentative and negligible. Assessing the Maritime sector impact on Lithuania's economy, the total economic impact (direct and indirect) was calculated by using the following indicators: number of Employees, Turnover and Value Added at Production Cost (VAPC). The period for the evaluation of the statistical givens trends has been chosen for 5 years, according to Official 2007 – 2011 period statistical givens, provided by Department of Statistics.