There is the one of the biggest problem in the world- not sustainable development of countries, regions. The governments of different countries were trying to solve economical differences between some countries and regions only using economic measures in last century. It should be noted that economic development orientations and concepts cannot satisfy the humanity’s needs and they have only a limited application spectrum in environmental protection studies. The situation supposes the necessity to propose new approaches and to define the essence of economic theory, its potential role and tasks, in solving issues related to critical human existence and civilization survival in the future. Sustainable development is based on three dimensions: economic development, social development, and environmental protection. But still there are big scientific problem – how to change mentality of people through the world? How to find measures that would be understandable for everybody? How to change people thinking to use less? How to explain for managers of organizations, that to be sustainable – to be successful? These and other questions were analyzed in this article. The aim of this paper is to describe benefit of sustainable development in organizations. Object of research – sustainable organizations. The tasks of the article: to analyze the concepts of sustainable development in organizational level; to analyze concept of sustainable organization and to show benefit for organizations to sustainable. Used methods are- the analysis of scientific articles, comparison, and observation.
Like in all other journal numbers, in this journal also there are articles strongly connected with journal topic. There are some regional problems aspects, evaluating them in organizational and governmental level. There are some articles about problems in rural areas. A. Aleksandravičius analyzes models of public electronic services organization in the rural areas; V. Atkočiūnienė describes factors determining labour places sustainable development in Lithuanian rural regions; A. Župerka, E. Župerkienė describe entrepreneurship factors in rural areas of Lithuanian cross-border regions. Some authors, how A. Kozlovskaja and T. Q. Dinh, H. Hilmarsson analyzes relevance of risk factors for Lithuanian agricultural producers and also food processing in Vietnam. For public administration people would be interesting some articles like M. Grigaliūnas article about the official values-level attitudes of EU to volunteering; V. Burkšienė, E. Račaitė article about organizational learning in ministries of Republic of Lithuania; I. Normantė article about public services liberalization. If we continue to read articles about quality of services in organizational level, we can mention V. Grublienė, E. Ambraziūnaitė, L. Venckevičė article. A. Kutkaitis, A. Petrulis evaluate leadership styles, A. Giedraitis describe management of ergonomic risk factors in organization. Transport and international trade problems are described in two articles: I. Gumenyuk, T. Kuznetsova and E. Spiriajevas. Articles for sustainable development and the better country development description are in these articles: R. Čiegis, A. Dilius, A. Mikalauskienė bei L. Šimanskienė, A. Petrulis describe aspects of sustainability; A. B. Knašas analyzes the development of scientific-technical progress in terms of published patent applications; A. Homutinin analyzes system dynamics modeling of social economic development in Latvia and M. Norkevičius describes analysis of regionalization processes in Latin America. So this journal number should be interesting for different field of scientists and business people.
In this journal there are papers selected from international conference, which was held on 4th of Septemberat KU Faculty of Social Sciences “Regionalism and Sustainability: Managing Complexities”. There istradition to organize international conferences on autumn at this faculty. This conference was organized 9thtime. The main objective of this conference is open and critical discussion about regionalism and sustainabilityfrom different academic perspectives, taking in mind different countries experience. There were 23papers in this number of journal. Some papers are strongly connected with sustainability, so another’s morewith regional policy, but in general there is a lot of interesting research results in this theme. So this journalnumber should be interesting for different field of scientists and business people.
In the analysis of leadership styles and their coherence the subject of leading the organization have been, is and will be valid at all times. Although there are quite a lot of scientific articles and books on leadership styles, but works of foreign researchers are often quoted. Unfortunately, Lithuanian scientists do not pay enough attention to new (relatively as transformational and transactional leadership styles have been begun to be analyzed in the end of last century) leadership styles, whereas a combination of leadership styles is not paid attention at all, stating a priori that it is better to use a combination of various styles. It certainly does not form serious approach to the current leadership style problem. The scientific problem is the lack of perception, identification and finding out style combinations in the field of leadership styles. The purpose of this article is finding out leadership styles set in Klaipėda progymnasiums through the analysis of leadership styles. The object of research is the leadership styles in Klaipeda progymnasiums. The research methods are analysis, synthesis and comparison based on the insights in scientific literature, which have been done in order to justify the eligibility of leadership styles chosen by the managers. Employees carried out individual questionnaires, while managers have been interviewed. To analyze, process, digest and graphically depict questionnaire data derived from quantitative research SPSS 18 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software and Microsoft Office Excel 2010 program have been used.
The research confirmed the scientists ideas in the theoretical part of this article that none leadership style suits every situation. Examination of employee opinions on leadership styles of their managers showed that managers use some combination of leadership styles in their direct duties. According to the aggregated data from respondents’ answers it may be concluded that managers consider their leadership style to be based on the combination of transformational and coaching leadership styles while also adding bits of charismatic or transactional leadership styles; employees think that managers use the combination of transformational and coaching leadership styles while also adding bits of charismatic or transactional leadership styles. Leadership style combination chosen by managers completely satisfied or more satisfied than not satisfied most of the surveyed employees in organizations. Evaluation results have showed that employees have rated leadership style of their managers better than the same managers have done. In this research the views of employees are very close to managers views when selecting the leadership style or combination of different styles.
This journal number should be interesting for different field of scientists and business people. We should mention that in most of scientific papers there are interdisciplinary approaches. It is mean that authors of papers view to scientific problems more open and widely. They are trying to describe scientific and practical problems not only from their scientific field, but also to use knowledge from different field of science. In journal we can read some papers where similar scientific problem is analyzed from different point of view. For example, regional cooperation questions are analyzed in D. Burgis and A. Dastanka, V. I. Chuprys papers, but in different aspects: D. Burgis through advanced planning systems and Dastankos, V. I. Chuprys through sociological and legal aspects. The management problems are described in Klaipeda: organizational culture research was done in J. Paužuolienė, V. Docienė, A. Vaitiekus paper, creativity aspects in E. Župerkienė, R. Šimanskytė paper, findings of leadership style in L. Šimanskienė, A. Petrulis paper. We can read about women employment in Uzbekistan written by S. Nurdinova and genetically modified product use and trade regulation of the European Union written by A. Gargasas, I. Rimkienė. D. Kiyak, L. Pranckevičiūtė analyses the prices of insurance products and A. Giedraitis analyses ergonomic risk factors in organization. Important regional development questions analyses R. Viederytė in paper about Lithuanian maritime sector’s clustering, A. B. Knašas analyses scientific-technical progress in the regions in terms of published patent applications, M. Kučinskienė, A. Mačerinskienė did the research about cycling for regional development. So readers have possibility to know a lot of interesting results from different research.
This journal number should be interesting for different field of scientists and business people. We shouldmention that in most of scientific papers there are interdisciplinary approaches. It is mean that authors ofpapers view to scientific problems more open and widely. They are trying to describe scientific and practicalproblems not only from their scientific field, but also to use knowledge from different field of science. In journalwe can read some papers where similar scientific problem is analyzed from different point of view. Forexample, regional cooperation questions are analyzed in D. Burgis and A. Dastanka, V. I. Chuprys papers,but in different aspects: D. Burgis through advanced planning systems and Dastankos, V. I. Chuprys throughsociological and legal aspects. The management problems are described in Klaipeda: organizational cultureresearch was done in J. Paužuolienė, V. Docienė, A. Vaitiekus paper, creativity aspects in E. Župerkienė,R. Šimanskytė paper, findings of leadership style in L. Šimanskienė, A. Petrulis paper. We can read aboutwomen employment in Uzbekistan written by S. Nurdinova and genetically modified product use and traderegulation of the European Union written by A. Gargasas, I. Rimkienė. D. Kiyak, L. Pranckevičiūtė analysesthe prices of insurance products and A. Giedraitis analyses ergonomic risk factors in organization. Importantregional development questions analyses R. Viederytė in paper about Lithuanian maritime sector’sclustering, A. B. Knašas analyses scientific-technical progress in the regions in terms of published patentapplications, M. Kučinskienė, A. Mačerinskienė did the research about cycling for regional development. Soreaders have possibility to know a lot of interesting results from different research.
Nowadays, in times of socio-economic and especially information technology development, the issue of human relations becomes more and more important. The aim of the article was to analyse the role of social media in shaping relations between universities and students. Given that aim the authors carried out research where in the framework of international cooperation prepared a research tool and conducted pilot studies. Students of selected universities, including Polish and Lithuanian ones, were a target group of the study. The conducted research clearly indicated the dominant role of Facebook as a communication portal used by students within universities. It appeared to be the most recognised primary tool for both rapid information flow and relationship building. The findings may be of interest to universities and public institutions or private actors, and, in particular, to social network operators.
Straipsnyje atskleista etiško vadovavimo svarba organizacijų veikloje. Etiškas vadovavimas – tai asmeniniu, teigiamu pavyzdžiu, remiantis asmeninėmis vertybėmis ir visuotinai priimtinomis etikos normomis, formuojama elgsena, kreipianti darbuotojų veiklą, pasitelkus pasitikėjimą, siekiant sėkmingai įgyvendinti tikslus: savo, darbuotojų, organizacijos, visuomenės. Sprendžiama mokslinė problema, kaip pasireiškia etiškas vadovavimas organizacijoje, siekiama išsiaiškinti, teiraujantis apie vadovavimo etiškumą, ar vadovo ir jam tiesiogiai pavaldžių darbuotojų požiūris sutampa. Atlikti du kokybiniai tyrimai organizacijoje: interviu su vadovu ir diskusijų grupės interviu su tiesiogiai vadovui pavaldžiais darbuotojais. Tyrimo rezultatai atskleidžia, kad iš dalies dirbama esant etiškam vadovavimui, vadovas laikosi etikos principų, bet jo ir jam tiesiogiai pavaldžių darbuotojų požiūris į etišką vadovavimą dažnu atveju skiriasi.