This journal number should be interesting for different field of scientists and business people. We shouldmention that in most of scientific papers there are interdisciplinary approaches. It is mean that authors ofpapers view to scientific problems more open and widely. They are trying to describe scientific and practicalproblems not only from their scientific field, but also to use knowledge from different field of science. In journalwe can read some papers where similar scientific problem is analyzed from different point of view. Forexample, regional cooperation questions are analyzed in D. Burgis and A. Dastanka, V. I. Chuprys papers,but in different aspects: D. Burgis through advanced planning systems and Dastankos, V. I. Chuprys throughsociological and legal aspects. The management problems are described in Klaipeda: organizational cultureresearch was done in J. Paužuolienė, V. Docienė, A. Vaitiekus paper, creativity aspects in E. Župerkienė,R. Šimanskytė paper, findings of leadership style in L. Šimanskienė, A. Petrulis paper. We can read aboutwomen employment in Uzbekistan written by S. Nurdinova and genetically modified product use and traderegulation of the European Union written by A. Gargasas, I. Rimkienė. D. Kiyak, L. Pranckevičiūtė analysesthe prices of insurance products and A. Giedraitis analyses ergonomic risk factors in organization. Importantregional development questions analyses R. Viederytė in paper about Lithuanian maritime sector’sclustering, A. B. Knašas analyses scientific-technical progress in the regions in terms of published patentapplications, M. Kučinskienė, A. Mačerinskienė did the research about cycling for regional development. Soreaders have possibility to know a lot of interesting results from different research.
Straipsnyje nagrinėjamas regioninis verslo organizacijų bendradarbiavimas, aptariamos teorinės tokio bendradarbiavimo prielaidos. Analizuojama pažangių planavimo sistemų (APS) specifika, aptariamos šių sistemų rūšys, vystymasis ir funkcionalumas. Analizuojamos APS teikiamos galimybės, leidžiančios pagerinti regioninį verslo organizacijų bendradarbiavimą, pateikiamas APS vaidmenį šiame procese iliustruojantis modelis, kuris atskleidžia APS reikšmę bendradarbiaujant tiek skirtingiems tos pačios organizacijos padaliniams, tiek skirtingoms organizacijoms tinkle.
The article builds on the authors’ research into the formation and activity of trans-border cooperation of Belarus as part of regional policy and part of cooperation with neighbouring EU countries, addressing questions that may also be relevant on a broader regional scale. Based on empirical findings, this article aims to discuss the effectiveness of trans-border cooperation in general and activities of the Euroregion in particular. How do national and local governments, the existing legal framework, the level of cohesion of Euroregions as an important organizational form of trans-border cooperation of the administrative-territorial units of the Republic of Belarus and neighbouring countries in sociocultural, economic, socio-political dimensions contribute to the capacity of those initiatives to be a part of foreign and domestic policies? We take five Euroregions “Dnepr” (Belarus, Russia, Ukraine), “Bug” (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), “Belovezhskaya puscha” (Poland, Belarus), “Neman” (Kaliningrad region, Poland, Lithuania, Belarus) and “Ozerny krai” (Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus). The empirical data were collected through the analysis of current legal framework of trans-border cooperation in Belarus and through personal interviews with representatives of government, scientists involved in the Euroregion studies, as well as among representatives of public institutions and associations of the countries – participants of the Euroregions. We find that even though Belarus has a reduced level of relationship with the European Union a crucial feature for all Euroregions is the number of projects in framework of mainly the EU technical assistance programs. The paper, therefore, highlights that from one hand, the economic and social development in bordering regions could take place without Euroregions, from another – the prospective role of the Euroregions will be in development of “good neighbourhood belt” on the perimeter of external borders of Belarus in all its dimensions: military, political, cultural, informational, social and economic.
Can be accept a variety of viewpoints on genetically modified organism, as well as the products made using them. Therefore, the trade regulation rule base is different when considering different countries. It is noted that in particular the European Union member states formed a fairly tight trading policies of genetically modified organism and products. The article deals with analysis of the use of genetically modified products and trade regulation in the European Union. The object of research – the use of genetically modified products and trade regulation in the EU. The aim of the – of the EU’s legal use of genetically modified products and their marketing of documents, it is structured. The study applied the following methods: a comparative analysis of legal documents as well as the synthesis, classification, modeling.
The object of the research: analysis of ergonomic risk factors in a commercial company. The aim of the research: to substantiate the importance of analysis of ergonomic risk factors in a commercial company. The objectives set to achieve the aim of the research: to analyse the importance of survey of ergonomic risk factors in occupational environment in terms of theoretical aspects. To offer a model for survey of ergonomic risk factors and to verify the model in a commercial company. Research methods: comparative analysis of research literature; quantitative analysis – questionnaire survey. Data of the survey was processed by Excel spreadsheet and Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS 15.0.
The results of the survey have shown that the worst ergonomic factors identified in the commercial company were the following: microclimate factors, working posture and local contact stresses. Management of this company has to take care of its employees’ occupational environment and to assign funds for mechanization of working stations (or purchase of assistive devices). Review of the survey results allows the manager of the company to analyse and improve ergonomic factors at work, the occupational health and safety system, to continuously increase effectiveness of preventive measures. These aims would require wider representation of employees in surveys; other recommended steps include analysis of working conditions, consultations regarding improvement of the occupational environment, proper organisation of work process and other issues of occupational safety.
The article identified that while insurance companies offering for their customers the same coverage for the same risk, insurance price gains a high importance. Most of the clients are sensitive to the insurance prices level, however, for the consumers to choose desired insurance product according to its price between different insurance companies is very difficult. Therefore, using research methodology to form regional policy, made in Lithuania market operating insurance companies non-life insurance products prices comparative analysis. This study highlight non-life insurance types, i.e., insurance against accidents (in the same structure and insurance against sickness), transport insurance, property insurance, travel insurance, third party liability insurance rates. It should be emphasized that different types of non-life insurance prices can be influenced by different factors. The Compulsory motor third party liability insurance (further CMTPL) price of the insurance affects the value of the vehicle, first registration, the gender of the vehicle driver, age, place of residence, driving experience, recurrence of insured events, the insurance contract signature period (which is important because insurance companies in this case applies price discounts), the vehicle’s engine power. Insurance against accidences and travel insurance prices are determined by user’s gender, age, work type. Property insurance price depends on the value of the property. In order to be able to compare with each other different insurance companies, operating in Lithuania, insurance prices, was formed for different non-life insurance type’s model and used in all cases in representative Lithuania major city. After systemizing in Lithuania sold non-life insurance product prices observed that in different insurance companies they are significantly different. The most varies vehicle insurance the same insurance types the scale of premiums in different companies. Insurance against accidents prices in different insurance companies can vary up to five times. Collected insurance prices data analysis revealed differences in prices reaching up to 5 times of various insurance products in Lithuania operating different non-life insurance companies. Insurance companies may have several priority insurance products which they are trying to sell in the market for even lower than the lowest market price. At the same time the incurred losses may transfer to the other types of insurance therefore other types of insurance price may be much higher that the competitors in the same market. The most important of insurance proposal is not a price, but risk indemnity insurance amount and refunds. Therefore, once again, it should be mentioned that on the basis of price analyse insurance products offerings appropriate. Very often to compare with each other different companies presented insurance product prices for the average consumer is impossible. For the consumer the content (conditions) and the price structure of the insurance product must be clear, in order that the consumer purchasing insurance would feel calm and safe. It should be noted that the consumer hardly realizing the value of the insurance product, i.e., price, insurance companies require a new approach to pricing strategy formation importance and the same pricing in general.
The tasks of the article are: 1) to survey of the scientific literature in the field of the development of scientific-technical progress and the main entrepreneurial concepts; 2) to survey the EU and Lithuanian documents about R&D priorities and initiatives; 3) to analysis the situation of published applications according to date of filing application In Lithuania regions; 4) to determine the main R&D smart specialization directions in the Lithuanian regions according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification.
Globalisation and demographics, trends and innovation, for example, environmental protection technology, biotechnology and health care, can be the basis for the sixth Kondratieff’s wave. Applied research is fundamental for the adaptation of research results in the activities of the organization. Created a technical object can be protected under patent law. Application of knowledge management tools and techniques of intellectual knowledge are being converted to an organization's competitive advantage. In today’s business more business part is realized with innovation activities, R&D works.
The most important principle of the Paris Convention is a national regime. The second important provision of the Paris Convention − the priority of the conventional rate. Patent documents provide a lot of information about the invention that helpful elsewhere, so it is an important complement to traditional sources of information in terms of the dissemination of technological and scientific information. Patent documents provide information about the technical characteristics, applications history and information about the invention.
In “Horizon 2020” will be funded by all parts of the innovation chain-from the idea to the market, in accordance with the 3 main evaluation criteria: high quality research, competitive industry and the benefits to the public.
After analyzing the scientific literature and the data from the survey research we came to the following conclusions: the main R&D smart specialization direction in the Lithuanian region according to published subclasses of International Patent Classification is C05G, F23B, A23L, B65D, E05B, F03G.
For twenty years, as soon as the talking about the possibilities brought in by cycles and attractiveness of the cycling related activities had started, the party of skeptics immediately appears arguing that absence of good bicycle paths means absence of bicyclists per se. Or, on the opposite – as long as the cycling mainstream is weak there is no need for paths. Therefore this dilemma goes on for more than 20 years in Lithuania, thus at least one generation in the country has lost its chance to appreciate the joy of full-scale cycling. On the other hand maybe we shouldn’t have to complain thoroughly, as fragmented cycling trails are constantly being fitted. But how the fragmentation and mostly unplanned trail scattering may be associated with regions remains unclear. Even more specific question – can trips on bicycles lead to more integrated regionalization and who are those using cycling paths in the future – the authors try to answer in this article.
The role of human development concept has significantly changed recently. The relationship between women’s employment and human development has been studied by many specialists. The aim of this paper is to discuss links between women employment and human development in Uzbekistan. The case study was based on analyses of labour market. The paper focuses on the human development of Uzbekistan from the year 1991 to 2011.The paper has been prepared by structuring and generalizing the content of studies carried out by different scientists and specialists, by deteriorating of documents to statistical data analysis and literature review.
The aim of this article: To analyze the theoretical assumptions of organizational culture and to investigate the organizational culture in two Lithuanian and foreign capital organizations.
To analyze the theoretical assumptions of the organizational culture.
To investigate organizational culture implementation in the Lithuanian and foreign capital organizations.
The object of the research is: organizational culture in Lithuania and foreign organization.
Research methods: literature analysis, synthesis, questionnaire, data processing SPSS 17.1 (Statistical Package called for the Social Sciences) program.
Research methodology: The research was done in the Lithuanian and foreign capital organizations. Organizations are medium size, activities − production. The research involved 123 respondents. From Lithuanian capital organization 60 respondents and from foreign capital organization 63 respondents participated in the research.
Analyzing the organizational culture in Lithuanian and foreign organizations we can see that those organizations of values are very similar. Foreign organizations and Lithuanian capital gets rituals such as new employee training, celebration during which family members gather together to have a good time, various outings. The Lithuanian capital organization well working employees are honored by manager attention while in the foreign capital organization this ritual is not popular. Foreign capital organization’s employees are friendlier relationship, they feel safer working in this type of organization. Foreign capital organization, according to the workers opinion are strict order, more creativity is encouraged. It may be noted that foreign capital organizations it’s more characteristic collaboration between employees, this organization give more attention for rules and norms compared to the Lithuanian capital organization.