Moteris Lietuvos partizaniniame kare: nuo formalaus reglamentavimo iki praktinio veikimo | Women in the Lithuanian Partisan War: Between Formal Regulation and Practice
Volume 42 (2021): Women and War: Roles and Experiences in Lithuanian History = Moterys ir karas: vaidmenys ir patirtys Lietuvos istorijoje, pp. 241–261
Pub. online: 9 December 2021 Type: Article Open Access
9 December 2021
9 December 2021
In 1944, as the Eastern Front was approaching Lithuania, which was then still occupied by Nazi Germany, and the Red Army retook the country, a substantial number of civilians and former members of paramilitary organisations joined the armed resistance to sovietisation. For a long time, the history of the anti-Soviet armed resistance, or guerrilla war, in Lithuania has been told as a story of men, dominated by descriptions of their combat action and stories of the dead. The memories of women, mainly helpers and messengers, have been treated as a supplement to this image, but not as a formative factor. Insufficient attention has also been paid to the role of women who fought with weapons in their hands, and the narratives of those who acted simultaneously as partisans and wives and mothers. The aim of this article is to take a multifaceted look at the experiences of women who contributed to the armed anti-Soviet resistance in Lithuania. It aims to discuss the changing attitudes of the partisan leadership towards women’s participation in action, to show the diversity of female activity in the partisan war, and to reveal how their involvement in the war contributed to changes in their family roles.