Šių metų kovo 11 d. (simboliška) Lietuvos akademinė bendruomenė išplatino viešą kreipimąsi į Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentę Dalią Grybauskaitę, Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Pirmininką Viktorą Pranckietį, Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Švietimo ir mokslo komitetą, Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Kultūros komitetą, Seimo narius, Lietuvos Respublikos Ministrą Pirmininką Saulių Skvernelį, Lietuvos Respublikos švietimo ir mokslo ministrę Jurgitą Petrauskienę, Lietuvos mokslo tarybos pirmininką Dainių Haroldą Paužą dėl etnologijos studijų grąžinimo į aukštąsias mokyklas. Atkreiptas dėmesys (gal kas nepastebėjo?), jog 2016 m. iš studijų krypčių sąrašo buvo pašalinta Etnologijos kryptis, nors etnologijos disciplinos ir toliau dėstomos vienuolikoje Lietuvos aukštųjų mokyklų, o etnologijos doktorantūros studijas sutartinai įgyvendina keli universitetai.
The article presents the first hitherto known written monument of the Kursenieku language from the Curonian Spit. In the XV–XVII c. Curonian descendants moved to the Curonian Spit and the mainland seacoast from Courland and brought their own dialect, which eventually became a separate language of the ethnic minority in Prussia. It was the language of the local fishermen and has never been official or acquire a written form. However, there have been attempts to record it by using scripts of other languages. One of such attempts – in the so-called Pallas dictionary. The dictionary Linguarum totius orbis vocabularia comparative augustissimae cura collecta has been published by the order of Catherine II in the end of the XVIII c. and was first reviewed under the guidance of an academician Peter Simon Pallas. The Kursenieku language was also included among the 200 represented European and Asian languages: there have been 286 Russian words that were translated and transcribed in Cyrillic into the following language. The first edition of the dictionary appeared in two parts in 1787, 1789 and the following is considered to be the date of the first written monument of the Kursenieku language. Nevertheless, there is more value for linguistics in the manuscript with Latin characters, which is stored in the St. Petersburg Branch of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Even though it is already known to scholars from Daina Zemzare and other publications, it has never been published as a source. Here the following source is presented in more details from the perspective of the development of the Kursenieku language itself.
The Latvian language dictionary of J. Langius (1685) does not contain a large number of terms denoting monetary units – altogether there are 11 of them (ārtaugs, dālderis, diķis, eiduks, grosis, kauss, mārka, skatiks, šķiliņģis, vērdiņģis, zelta gabals), as well as some other money-related lexemes (e.g., sīknauda, vara nauda etc.) which are not designations of monetary units and therefore are not analyzed in this article. These lexemes are included in most 17–19th century dictionaries, and sometimes are borrowed from one dictionary into another. For instance, J. Langius has taken over the words included in the dictionary of G. Mancelius, but later J. Lange, in his turn, refers to J. Langius in his work.Nowadays most of these words are obsolete, because the objects they denoted are no longer in use. These lexemes can be found in dictionaries, and in many cases also in folklore and in idiomatic expressions, which testifies to their once wide scope of usage and, naturally, the significance of money in the culture and history of the Lower Kurzeme region and the whole territory of Latvia. This fact is supported not only by the analyzed material, but also by various other culturally historical sources.
The article presents the Lithuanian fishing glossary in the text of 1792 Curonian lagoon fishing rules. It discusses the problems of creation of this source, authorship, the historical context. It is analysed ethnographic content in glossary of Lithuanian fishing terms. The Baltic linguists haven’t noticed it earlier. New publication of this source could encourage scientists to broader analyze of 1792 fishing rules. It is intended to draw attention to Lithuanistic material in Prussian law documents in German language.
One of the most important indicators of contacts between the specified related westbaltic tribes – finds of those types of brooches which have steady ethno-cultural coloring. As a result of studying of distribution of a row the brooches of Curonians in the earth of pruss was succeeded to establish that degree of the international contacts in the southeast Baltic before arrival of the Award was high. Earlier was considered that has begun Prussian-Curonians contacts treats not earlier than the 12th century. As the brooches of Curonians in a Prussian area shows the analysis, Prussian-Curonians contacts have begun no later than the X century and in the 11th century, after hypothetical destruction by Danes of the settlement of Kaup were rather intensive. This conclusion is confirmed, including, existence on Prussian burial grounds of this time the burials (on a ceremony and on types of things) of Curonians.
This article critically discuss and analize the predominant conception of Vydūnas as a representative of neovedantism. This predominant interpretation of Vydūnas religious identity was popularized by the most productive researcher of Vydūnas Vacys Bagdonavičius. Analysing methodological approach of V. Bagdonavičius and basing on hermeneutical view to fenomena of Vydūnas religious expression, it is indicated that the prime influence to Vydūnas religious identity formation was made by the junction and tension between Germanish liberal protestant theology and local, conservative ,,gathering crowd“ tradition, which impel Vydūnas to universal, confessionally neutral and sincretic interest for religions. Article reveals hypothesis, that Vydūnas creative- religious espression could be perceived as a development of basic liberal protestantic belief principles and its adaptation to concrete historical-cultural also political East Prussia lithuanians situation, in order to avoid confrontation between this two different religious traditions and politically consolidate nation.
Within the framework of the present work the phenomenon of the national cooperative communicative behaviour has been characterized, its basic episteme has been determined, the meta-language and tools have been analyzed. In particular, the methodological fundamentals of the study of the national cooperative communicative behaviour and the main trends in the methodology of his research have been observed. The special attention has been paid to the description of the anthropometric method as a component of an integrated method of analysis of the national cooperative communicative behaviour.
The article focuses on the study of the concept LAW / ЗАКОН in the English and Ukrainian linguacultures. The verbal representation of the concept LAW / ЗАКОН has been analyzed from a diachronic perspective. The system of semantic changes affecting the emergence of modern English and Ukrainian legal terminology has been reconstructed. The basic archetypes of the Anglo-Saxon and Ukrainian legal cultures have been detected. The comparative analysis of paremiological representation of the concept LAW / ЗАКОН in the English and Ukrainian languages has been conducted. The universal and national specific conceptions of the Anglo-Saxon and Ukrainian ethnoses of the phenomenon of law have been revealed. The influence of folklore on the development of legal thinking of the Anglo-Saxons and Ukrainians has been described.
The article deals the beliefs about the whirlwind in Ukrainian demonology. On the basis of the empiric materials the аuthor considered the features of human behavior at a meeting with whirlwind and consequent after contact’s with him; retraces whirlwind’s connection with other mythological characters – a devil, a sorcerer, a witch, self-murderer spirits and others.
The article deals with the structural-genetic and cultural-genetic aspects of table evolution. Varieties, design features as a separate element, as well as element of the interior of the dwelling (stationary benches, mobile benches, small benches) have been analysed. The table in the Polissya dwelling performed originally a sacred-symbolic function as it was investigated in field material and written sources. Table played a role of a kind of a home altar. As a place for everyday eating table began to be used quite late. Table predecessors were stationary benches, mobile benches and small benches.