Journal:Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis
Volume 27 (2013): Krikščioniškosios tradicijos raiška viduramžių – naujausiųjų laikų kasdienybės kultūroje: europietiški ir lietuviški puslapiai = The Development of Christian Tradition in Every-day Culture in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period …, pp. 9–22
The aim of the article is symbolic-functional analysis of development judicial awareness. This paper analyses the transition period from the traditional political theology of the main political structures in the Middle East to the reflecting political thought of Ancient Greece. In order to elaborate this idea, two independent but closely related phenomena of civilization – force (warriors) and the law (priests) – were chosen and the analysis of their history of interaction was given. The principles of law and justice were constructed theo-politically based on two different conceptions of order. According to this, it is possible to concider the geo-cultural habitats of Mesopotamia and Egypt as two independently developed civilisational platforms or laboratories of social construct. Their heritage of political justice and practice of the political was successfully inhereted and peculiarly transformed by the developing polis system of Ancient Greece.