Innovation development process in companies is described by several challenges. One major problem is that there is much confusion about what it takes to develop innovations and what factors affect the innovation development process. The paper focuses on innovation process’ affecting factors in Latvian market. The paper’s goal is to identify main factors that affect the innovation process the Latvian companies. After surveying 128 companies, authors concludes that many factors affects innovation process and none of them should be ignored. Following factors affect innovation process the most and therefore should be analysed more deeply: 1) The company’s own resources; 2) High employees knowledge, competencies, skills and experience; 3) Investors’ attraction opportunities. Research also emphasises importance of company’s human resource, therefore authors suggest companies to look at their employees from different paradigm and approach them as the most valuable company’s asset.
Maintaining the stability of financial leverage is a task in macro-economic management and also a challenge to be faced. Financial amplification characteristics dominate financial leverage system with low risk of capabilities, and the efficiency of this ability has two-sides results and proposes a lot of risks, however, most researchers have not found the best ways to solve this problem. Therefore, taking positive measures to strengthen the management of the financial system leverage feature becomes very important. In this paper, authors use comparative study and data analysis to illustrate the main problems of financial system leverage, the effect of leverage amplification characteristics, bi-amplified comparative analysis of profit and loss, and bi-amplification characteristics of the risk analysis. Meanwhile, based on five classified management methods, authors put forward countermeasures to the management of leverage properties in financial system.